Malaria

Malaria is a disease that is characterized by the fever and chills. Malaria is an infection that is caused by a blood borne parasite that lives in the stomach of the mosquito. Because of this, malaria is primarily transmitted by the mosquito’s bite. This disease is a large problem in areas such as Kenya, where there are not enough supplies to take care of this medical problem.

Malaria Symptoms

The symptoms of malaria are fairly uniform across patients, meaning that similar symptoms are usually expressed. The symptoms often begin ten to fifteen days after the bite of the mosquito occurred, and from there the symptoms are flu like, but are more intense. The body is weakened more so than if the patient only had influenza. With malaria the patient goes through the following symptoms.

  • Intense pain in the abdomen or muscles
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Shivering
  • Overall discomfort
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Malaise
  • Dizziness
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Yellow skin
  • Yellow eyes
  • Confusion
  • Pale skin
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fast heart rate

Malaria Causes

Malaria is caused by a bite from a mosquito. The mosquito comes in contact with the person and proceeds to bite him or her. Once this happens the mosquito releases the contents of its stomach into the patient’s blood stream. If the stomach of the mosquito contains the malaria parasite, then the person becomes infected with malaria. If the mosquito’s stomach does not contain the malaria parasite, then the patient just has an itchy bite to deal with. Once the person becomes infected he or she cannot transmit the infection unless a blood transfusion is done. Never share needles with anyone or give blood without having the proper blood screening.

  • Mosquito
  • Blood transfusion

Malaria Diagnosis

Malaria is a condition that one needs a prescription from a medical professional, such as a doctor, to treat. Because of this diagnosis is essential for the patient’s overall health. The doctor catching malaria early will allow treatment to go much faster and be much more effective than if the disease was identified in the last stages. In order for a healthcare professional to diagnose the patient he or she must do a physical examination for the mosquito bite. This is also to see the symptoms of a person with malaria, because the symptoms are often evident if the doctor looks at the patient.

Malaria Treatment

Although there is no cure, a variety of scleroderma treatments can help ease symptoms and improve the quality of life in patients. The main aim of treatment is to help relieve symptoms and prevent the disease from getting worse. The treatment also involves detecting and treating complications that may be associated with scleroderma such as pulmonary hypertension. Early treatment can minimize disability through physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Different medicines can be used to treat the symptoms including medication to improve blood circulation, slow down damage to skin, and suppress the immune system so as to slow the progression of the disease. Where symptoms are severe, patients may undergo surgery to remove, for example, lumps of calcium that may be found under the skin in patients with scleroderma.