Kidney failure

Kidney failure is a condition that is characterized by the kidneys being unable to filter waste products in the body. Because of this, there will be a build-up of potassium in the blood stream that could cause irregular heart rhythms. Kidney failure can lead to premature death in some cases and is often noted as the last stage in kidney disease.

Kidney failure Drugs

Kidney failure Symptoms

The symptoms of kidney failure are fairly uniform across patients, meaning that similar symptoms are usually expressed. The symptoms can begin as soon as or days after the kidneys begin to lose function. The body is weakened and expresses the following symptoms:

  • Confusion
  • Irregular heart rhythms
  • Fatigue
  • Oversleeping
  • Insomnia
  • Weakness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lethargic movements
  • Lack of interest
  • Bloody urine
  • Dark urine
  • Extremely light urine
  • Increased need to urinate
  • Increased need to drink water
  • Lack of appetite
  • Exhaustion
  • Overall discomfort
  • Racing heart rate
  • Weak heart rate
  • Pain around the kidney area
  • Lower back pain
  • Soreness
  • Difficulty moving
  • Death

Kidney failure Causes

Kidney failure is caused when the kidneys do not filter the blood properly. Because of this, there are many diseases and conditions that may cause kidney failure. One of these conditions is aging, meaning that anyone can get kidney failure, because the kidney function decreases as we age. Always get your blood tests done to check for this. The causes of kidney failure are listed below:

  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Aging
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels in the blood stream
  • Blocked veins and arteries
  • Blood clots
  • Adverse reaction to certain prescription medications
  • Anemia
  • Bone disease
  • Renal cancer
  • High levels of potassium in the blood

Kidney failure Diagnosis

Kidney failure is a condition that needs to be treated or there is a risk of death. The doctor catching kidney failure early will allow treatment to go much faster and be much more effective than if the kidney disease was identified in the last stages. In order for a healthcare professional to diagnose the patient, he or she must do a blood test. This blood test will check the patient’s BUN levels, creatinine levels, and glomerular filtration rate. Once that is completed, the patient will show a high level of at least one of these tests to have kidney failure.

Kidney failure Treatment

If a patient is diagnosed with kidney failure, then that patient may have a few different options for treatment. The first option is a lifestyle change. This would include dietary restrictions as well as a higher activity level. A lifestyle change may not cure the kidney failure; however, this will keep the kidneys from failing faster than projected. The second option for a patient with kidney failure is prescription medication. Unfortunately, this treatment method only is effective for patients with acute renal failure, which is when the kidneys stop functioning only for a short time. Patients with chronic kidney disease will not be affected by the prescription medications. The third treatment option is dialysis. Dialysis is when the toxins from the body as well as excess water are removed from the body by a machine. By doing this, the patient has a machine do the work that the damaged kidneys are supposed to be doing. The fourth treatment option is a kidney transplant; however, the transplant can be dangerous, and the waiting list for a kidney is very long. The patient may die before new matching kidneys are put in.