intraocular hypertension Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Ocular hypertension is a medical condition in which the pressure of the eyes (also referred to as ‘intraocular pressure’) is at an abnormal level. Left untreated, this condition can lead to glaucoma or even permanent loss of vision. Normal eye pressure ranges from 12-22 millimeters of mercury. Usually, a patient who has ocular hypertension may not show outward signs of glaucoma (signs of nerve damage in the eye) but may be at risk for developing glaucoma down the road. 

intraocular hypertension Drugs

  • Alphagan
  • Azopt
  • Betagan
  • Betimol
  • Betoptic
  • Cosopt
  • Isopto Carpine
  • Lumigan
  • Pilocar
  • Simbrinza
  • Timoptic
  • Travatan
  • Xaltan
  • Zioptan

intraocular hypertension Symptoms

When it comes to ocular hypertension, patients may not be able to detect if they have this condition, as it does not have any major discernible symptoms. Patients should consult their medical professional or opthamologist. It is best to go for regular checkups and rely on the expertise of a medical professional.

There are a few factors that put some individuals more at risk than others for Ocular hypertension including:

  • family history of glaucoma
  • nearsightedness (myopia)
  • African-American heritage
  • Older than 50 years of age
  • At risk for nerve damage due to glaucoma
  • history of heart disease, diabetes, migraine headache, hypertension
  • history of elevated intraocular pressure

intraocular hypertension Causes

Although Ocular hypertension is a serious condition, getting properly diagnosed early as well as being cognitive of the causes of this condition, can help patients minimize the risk of developing this condition.

The primary cause of Ocular hypertension is due to the lack of drainage in the aqueous humor, the fluid surrounding the lens in the eye. Normally, the aqueous humor flows through a drainage channel referred to as the trabecular meshwork.

The aqueous humor is responsible for maintaining the intraocular pressure of the eye. Among its other responsibilities, is protecting the eye against pathogens(dirt, dust, pollen). The lack of drainage in the eye leads to a buildup of fluid and raises the pressure in the eye.

  • lack of drainage

intraocular hypertension Diagnosis

Since Ocular hypertension has very few discernible symptoms, seeking professional medical care of your ophthalmologist is the best advice. Screenings for this medical condition should be conducted every 3-5 years for those aged 40 years or younger. For patients who are older than 40, or have African-American heritage, it’s important to have more frequent eye screenings.

Your opthamlogist will evaluate patients who are at risk for this condition and conduct a thorough health examination and check if the patient has eye pain or redness, headache or evidence of eye/head trauma. Additionally, your opthalmologist may also perform a complete body check to get an overview of the patient’s overall health and check the patient’s weight, alcohol use and smoking history.

The opthalmologist may also ask the patient to perform a visual field test that measures an individual’s entire scrope of vision. It’s a frequently used method to detect signs of glaucoma damage to the optic nerve. 

  • Visual field test
  • Screenings

intraocular hypertension Treatment

If your opthalmologist confirms that you have Ocular hypertension, depending on the severity of the pressure, may prescribe topical medications to control the pressure. In addition, if you have mild intraocular pressure, may be asked for a repeat visit in a month to monitor the status of your condition.

However, if your particular condition is serious, your ophthalmologist may ask you for a repeat visit in 2-3 weeks to ensure that the pressure in the eye is going down. It is essential that patients work together with their doctor together to monitor any abnormal conditions that pop up as it may signal signs of a severe condition.

The goal of the treatment is to prevent the patient from developing glaucoma down the road with this condition. 

  • Medication (if necessary)
  • Monitoring by doctor