Interferon Alphas Drug Class

Interferon is a protein that occurs naturally within the human body. Medical science now has the ability to produce Interferon Alphas, which can be used as medication to treat a number of conditions. It is currently being used in the treatment of some types of leukemias and other types of cancers, like melanoma. This classification of drugs can help your natural immune system fight off disease and slow or stop the growth of several types of cancer cells. In effect, it makes these cancer cells too weak to continue their spread and division. They are simply not able to protect themselves from the immune system. According to most research, Interferon Alphas are able to work more effectively than drugs like busulfan or hydroxyurea in the treatment of some types of cancers. It has also been noted that the use of Interferon Alphas may increase the survival rate of some patients with melanoma.

Interferon Alphas Drugs

Below is a list of some of the drugs in the Interferon Alpha class.

Interferon Alphas Uses

Interferon Alphas are typically used in the treatment of certain types of cancers. This is due to the fact that they are capable of modulating functions of the immune system. Through a process of inhibited protein synthesis, both the virus and the infected host cells are destroyed. They also promote apoptosis, a type of cell death.

Interferon Alphas are an effective treatment for a variety of cancers. Some of the uses of Interferon Alphas are listed below.

  • Hairy cell leukemia
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Nodular lymphoma
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
  • Chronic hepatitis C

Interferon Alphas Side Effects

As with most injectable medications, the most common side effects center on reactions at the site of the injections. This can range from slight discomfort to redness, swelling, pain, and even bruising. Generally speaking, most of these complications will improve or go away after one to two months.

There are also possible flu-like side effects as a result of the use of Interferon Alphas. These may include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headaches
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness

Interferon Alphas Interactions

Currently, there are no specific drug interactions to report for Interferon Alphas. However, always check with your medical professional, since your specific type of medication could produce reactions from over the counter medications and pain relievers.