Hypokalemia

Hypokalemia is a condition in which a person lacks enough potassium in the blood. As potassium is needed for the nerves and muscles to function, a lack of it can create problems for the heart and digestive system. Most commonly, Hypokalemia occurs when too much potassium is lost through urination, bowel movements, or sweating. In addition to that, certain medications used to induce vomiting and diarrhea can also cause Hypokalemia.

Hypokalemia Symptoms

Below you will find a list detailing all of the side effects associated with Hypokalemia:

Common Hypokalemia symptoms

  • Faster, slower, or irregular heartbeat
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Muscles weakness or spasms
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Vomiting or diarrhea

Consult with your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Tingling in legs or arms
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Severe exhaustion or weakness,/li>
  • Worsening symptoms

Hypokalemia Causes

Below you will find a list detailing all of possible causes of Hypokalemia:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Overuse of laxative
  • Diuretics
  • Eating disorders such as bulimia
  • Low levels of magnesium
  • Sweating
  • Antibiotics
  • Kidney failure
  • Malnutrition
  • Diabetes complications
  • Gastrointestinal infections or tumors
  • Over consumption of caffeine
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Hyperthyroidism

Hypokalemia Diagnosis

How to determine if you have Hypokalemia:

  • Blood test: Your doctor will want to give you a blood test to determine your potassium level.
  • EKG test: Your doctor may want to give you an EKG test so that he can determine if your have an irregular heartbeat.

Hypokalemia Treatment

Below you will find your options in treating and providing for Hypokalemia:

Medications:

Your doctor may look to prescribe you with potassium supplements to keep you levels at a normal rate. You doctor may also look to administer you with an IV pending on your particular potassium level.

Homecare:

Aside from supplements, look to eat foods rich with potassium. For example: avocados, bananas, beans, bran, carrots, lean beef, milk, oranges, peanut butter, peas, salmon, spinach, tomatoes, wheat germ.