Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is when a person's blood pressure is regularly above 140/90 mmHg. It is also called arterial hypertension. This heightened pressure causes damage to the heart and surrounding arteries. People with high blood pressure are more likely to experience strokes and heart attacks. Symptoms are not apparent in early stages of hypertension, but yearly checks with your doctor will help you avoid the risks associated with high blood pressure. There are two types of hypertension: primary, also known as essential, and secondary. The causes of primary hypertension are unknown, and its onset is sudden. Secondary hypertension can be caused by poor diet, use of drugs, whether prescription or illegal, thyroid issues and other congenital problems. Diet, exercise, and medication can help lower high blood pressure, thus decreasing the likelihood of stroke or heart attack.


Hypertension Drugs

Drug nameGeneric NameCoupon
TekturnaAliskiren hemifumarateTekturna coupon
Amiloride / HCTZ
Verelan PMVerapamil hydrochlorideVerelan PM coupon
Midamor
Cardizem LADiltiazem hydrochlorideCardizem LA coupon
Lopressor HCTMetoprolol tartrate and hydrochlorothiazideLopressor HCT coupon
UnivascMoexipril hydrochlorideUnivasc coupon
SularNisoldipineSular coupon
Atacand HCTCandesartan cilexetil hydrochlorothiazideAtacand HCT coupon
Uniretic
EdarbyclorAzilsartan kamedoxomil and chlorthalidoneEdarbyclor coupon
PindololPindolol coupon
EdarbiAzilsartan kamedoxomilEdarbi coupon
SectralAcebutolol hydrochlorideSectral coupon
Mavik
Exforge HCTAmlodipine valsartan and hydrochlorothiazideExforge HCT coupon
AvalideIrbesartan and hydrochlorothiazideAvalide coupon
AtacandCandesartan cilexetilAtacand coupon
Coreg CRCarvedilol phosphateCoreg CR coupon
MethyldopaMethyldopa coupon
MinoxidilMinoxidil coupon
TribenzorOlmesartan medoxomil / amlodipine besylate / hydrochlorothiazideTribenzor coupon
InspraEplerenoneInspra coupon
ExforgeAmlodipine besylate and valsartanExforge coupon
VasereticEnalapril maleate and hydrochlorothiazideVaseretic coupon
CaduetAmlodipine besylate and atorvastatin calciumCaduet coupon
AccureticQuinapril hydrochloride and hydrochlorothiazideAccuretic coupon
Micardis HCTTelmisartan and hydrochlorothiazideMicardis HCT coupon
Diltiazem twice a day
AceonPerindopril erbumineAceon coupon
TarkaTrandolapril and verapamil hydrochlorideTarka coupon
Innopran XLPropranolol hydrochlorideInnopran XL coupon
DibenzylinePhenoxybenzamine hydrochlorideDibenzyline coupon
Tekamlo
Teveten HCT
Inderal XLPropranolol hydrochlorideInderal XL coupon
Clorpres
Levatol
Covera-Hs
Cardene SRNicardipine hydrochlorideCardene SR coupon
ThalitoneChlorthalidoneThalitone coupon
Reserpine
Valturna
DutoprolMetoprolol succinate and hydrochlorothiazideDutoprol coupon
Methyldopa / HCTZ
Teveten
Tekturna HCTAliskiren hemifumarate and hydrochlorothiazideTekturna HCT coupon
BetaxololBetaxolol hydrochlorideBetaxolol coupon
DiurilChlorothiazideDiuril coupon
IsradipineIsradipine coupon
Fosinopril / HCTZ
Capozide
Propranolol / HCTZ
Nicardipine
TwynstaTelmisartan/amlodipineTwynsta coupon
MethyclothiazideMethyclothiazide coupon
EpanedEnalapril maleateEpaned coupon
CorzideNadolol and bendroflumethiazideCorzide coupon
Amturnide
AzorAmlodipine besylate and olmesartan medoxomilAzor coupon
ZestrilLisinoprilZestril coupon
MaxzideMaxzide coupon
PropranololPropranolol hydrochloridePropranolol coupon
DiovanValsartanDiovan coupon
VasotecEnalapril maleateVasotec coupon
LotensinBenazepril hydrochlorideLotensin coupon
Cardizem CDDiltiazem hydrochlorideCardizem CD coupon
LotrelAmlodipine besylate and benazepril hydrochlorideLotrel coupon
Diovan HCTValsartan and hydrochlorothiazideDiovan HCT coupon
AltaceRamiprilAltace coupon
HydralazineHydralazine hydrochlorideHydralazine coupon
Calan SRVerapamil hydrochlorideCalan SR coupon
VerelanVerapamil hydrochlorideVerelan coupon
DyazideHydrochlorothiazide and triamtereneDyazide coupon
CatapresClonidineCatapres coupon
Catapres-TtsClonidineCatapres-Tts coupon
PrinivilLisinoprilPrinivil coupon
NorvascAmlodipine besylateNorvasc coupon
Toprol XLMetoprolol succinateToprol XL coupon
MicrozideHydrochlorothiazideMicrozide coupon
LopressorMetoprolol tartrateLopressor coupon
CozaarLosartan potassiumCozaar coupon
LasixFurosemideLasix coupon
TenorminAtenololTenormin coupon
CoregCarvedilolCoreg coupon
ZestoreticLisinopril and hydrochlorothiazideZestoretic coupon
HyzaarLosartan potassium and hydrochlorothiazideHyzaar coupon
AldactoneSpironolactoneAldactone coupon
TerazosinTerazosin hydrochlorideTerazosin coupon
ChlorthalidoneChlorthalidone coupon
CarduraDoxazosin mesylateCardura coupon
Lotensin HCTBenazepril hydrochloride and hydrochlorothiazideLotensin HCT coupon
Zebeta
CorgardNadololCorgard coupon
Dil

Hypertension Symptoms

Symptoms of high blood pressure are usually negligible until they cause more serious problems. Early sufferers of high blood pressure sometimes report symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, and bloody noses, but this is infrequent.

  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Bloody nose
  • Chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat


Hypertension Causes

Primary hypertension's cause is unknown. Secondary hypertension is most often caused by renal problems, although it can also be caused by poor diet, drug use or other health problems.

Primary hypertension causes

  • Unknown, tends to develop slowly

Secondary hypertension causes

  • Renal (kidney) problems
  • Thyroid problems
  • Obesity
  • Certain birth control pills and other prescription drugs
  • Use of illegal drugs, especially cocaine and other amphetamines
  • Sleep apnea


Hypertension Diagnosis

High blood pressure is diagnosed with a series of blood pressure tests. If high blood pressure is noticed, your doctor will check blood pressure 2-3 more times over the course of 1-3 more visits.

  • If your blood pressure has regularly been above 140/90mmHg, your doctor may diagnose you with hypertension.
  • Further tests may be run, including urine or blood tests.


Hypertension Treatment

Treatment of hypertension is dependent on the cause and severity of the condition. If detected early, hypertension is usually treated with certain lifestyle changes to prevent further deterioration. These changes may include a different diet, increased exercise or anxiety/stress reduction methods. If the case is more severe, medication may be prescribed in addition to the lifestyle changes.

Lifestyle Modifications

  • Reduction of sodium in diet
  • Vegetarian diet or reduced red meat consumption
  • Exercise, especially aerobic

Medication

  • ACE inhibitors
  • Beta blockers
  • Diuretics
  • ARBs
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Renin blockers
  • Often, medications will be combined for maximum effectiveness


Main Hypertension Drugs

Lisinopril Atenolol Valsartan


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