Gum disease also known as gingivitis is a health condition that is common especially in adults. This is a condition that affects the gums by making them sore, swollen or infected. It affects the tissues supporting and surrounding the teeth. Gum disease or better known as gingivitis may lead to loss of teeth; someone may not know that they are suffering from gum disease because it’s not painful.
Gum disease Drugs
- Antibiotic gel
- Antibiotic microspheres
- Antimicrobial mouth rinse
- Enzyme suppressants
- Antiseptic chip
Gum disease Symptoms
Gum disease symptoms may vary from one person to the other depending on the severity of the condition. A person with gum disease will typically show one or more of this symptoms:
- Bad mouth odor
- Bad taste
- White spots on the gums
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teething
- Red or swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing the teeth
- Pus between gums or teeth
- Change in the dental fit
- Gums pulling away from the teeth
- painful chewing
- longer teeth
- receding gum
Any of these symptoms can be a sign of a serious gum problem and should be checked by a dentist.
Gum disease Causes
Gum disease is caused by a number of factors; the commonly known factor is poor oral hygiene that lets bacteria in plaque stay put on the teeth and infects the gums. The other factors are:
- Smoking-Smoking is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of gum disease. In addition, smoking can lower the chances for successful treatment.
- Improper health hygiene-brushing twice a day and regular flossing will remove build up tartar that forms bacteria responsible for gum disease.
- Chewing of tobacco
- Hormonal changes in puberty, pregnancy and menopause
- Cancer treatments
- Mouth breathing
- Poor diet
- Diabetes mellitus
Gum disease Diagnosis
Gum disease is simply diagnosed based on your description of the symptoms that you are experiencing. Your dentist will do an exam to confirm the same, he will check for plagues and areas that are bleeding easily..
- Your dentist will use a dental instrument to measure the pocket depth of the space between your teeth and your gums. A metal probe is inserted beside your tooth just beneath the gum line. This process is repeated at several sites inside your mouth. A healthy mouth should at least have a pocket depth of about 1 to 3 millimeters. Any pocket depth that is deeper than 5 millimeters indicates serious gum disease and should be given immediate medical attention.
- A dental X-ray may be done to determine if there are any bone loss in areas where there are deep pockets
Gum disease Treatment
Gum disease can be treated by maintaining a good and high level of oral hygiene. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping your mouth and teeth clean to stop gum disease and dental problems. This includes
- Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing often
- Regular dental checkup is another way of checking if you have gum disease as your dentist will be able to check for unsuspected infection and have an early treatment. Your dentist may as well clean your teeth and remove any hardened plaque or tartar. Your dentist will show you how to effectively clean your teeth. A visit to the dentist twice a year is recommended.
- In severe cases a surgery called Flap surgery might be required if inflammation and deep pockets remain even after following treatment. This surgery is done to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets.
- The other form of treatment is Bone and Tissue Grafts- this procedure is used to help regenerate any gum and bone tissue lost to periodontitis. Bone grafting is done in the areas where bone is lost and helps promote bone growth.