Generic Name(s): Phenytoin
Drug Class: antiepileptic
Treats: Tonic-clonic seizures Temporal epilepsy Epidermolysis Bullosa
Dilantin is an anticonvulsant drug and sometimes it is known as an antiepileptic medication. It is prescribed to those who have seizures that are brought by abnormal electrical brain activity. This medication works by reversing the electricity charges move in the cell. It also helps in the reduction of these seizures. Dilantin (extended phenytoin sodium capsule) is a hydantoin derivative anticonvulsant drug. Dilantin is used to treat generalised tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures, complex partial seizures (temporal lobe or psychomotor) and in preventing seizures after neurosurgery or head injury.
Dilantin is a medicine used in the treatment of seizures. More specifically, Dilantin is used to prevent tonic-clonic seizures and partial seizures. The medicine is not appropriate for patients with absence seizures.
Dilantin is used because its active ingredient, phenytoin, belongs to the sodium channel blocker class of anti-convulsant drugs. As such, Dilantin blocks sodium channels – channels which play an important role in cognitive function. Depressing these channels reduces the excitability of the neuronal system.
Dilantin is associated with its own range of potential side effects. Among these include nausea, vomiting, constipation, tremors, headache, confusion, sweating, stomach discomfort, slurred speech, and insomnia.