Brand Name(s): Ancef
Drug Class: cephalosporin antibiotic
Treats: bacterial infections
Cefazolin is a cephalosporin antibiotic that is used to treat a number of different infections. It works by killing sensitive bacteria. Specifically, it interferes with cell-wall synthesis within the bacterial cells by bonding with penicillin-binding proteins and stopping their actions. The cells then collapse and die.
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Cefazolin is administered intravenously to treat certain bacterial infections. It's also sometimes used before surgeries to prevent bacterial infections that surgery patients are more susceptible to. Areas where infections treated by cefazolin commonly occur are: skin, lung, urinary tract, heart valve, bone, blood, joints, and stomach. Some strains of bacteria have become resistant to cefazolin and will be more effectively treated by other cephalosporin antibiotics.
Below you will find the uses for cefazolin:
- bacterial infections
Cefazolin dosage is dependent on the individual that it is being administered to. The following dosage is an average dose and could differ among individuals. Do not take a larger dose or more frequent doses without approval from your doctor. Follow your medical professional's directions carefully for best results.
- 250 mg to 1 g every 6 to 8 hours for Cholecystitis in adults
- 250 mg to 1 g every 8 hours for joint infection in adults
- 250 mg to 1 g every 6 to 8 hours for soft tissue infection in adults
- 250 mg to 1 g every 6 to 8 hours for bacterial infection in adults
- 1 g to 1.5 g every 6 hours for Septicemia in adults
- 1 g to 1.5 g every 6 hours for Endocarditis in adults
- 500 mg every 12 hours for Pneumonia in adults
- 1 g every 12 hours for urinary tract infection in adults
Cefazolin Side Effects
Cefazolin, like any other drug, comes with its collection of side effects that vary with each individual who uses it. When you first begin taking Cefazolin, watch yourself carefully for any worrying reactions. If you experience any severe side effects, consult with your doctor or medical professional immediately. Below is a list of known side effects. Note that this list is not complete.
- swelling, pain, and redness at injection site
- loss of appetite
- dark urine
- mood changes
- easy bruising or bleeding
- yellowing eyes or skin
- unusual weakness
- irregular heartbeat
Below you will find a list of drugs and substances that interact with Cefazolin. As with all drugs, before taking Cefazolin, you should make your doctor aware of any medications you may be taking, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs, as well as supplements and herbal remedies. Do not let anyone else take your medication, and consult your physician before taking any new medication. Note that this list is not complete.