Bacterial Vaginosis Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Bacterial vaginosis is a minor infection of the vagina triggered by bacteria. Generally, there are many ‘good’ bacteria and a few ‘bad’ bacteria inside the vagina. The good varieties help regulate the development of the bad types. When a person gets bacterial vaginosis, the equilibrium is upset. There are not sufficient good bacteria and far too many bad bacteria.

Bacterial Vaginosis Drugs

  • Tinidazole
  • Clindamycin
  • Metronidazole

Bacterial Vaginosis Symptoms

Around 50 percent of people with bacterial vaginosis have no symptoms. In such cases, the condition will not pose any risk to your wellness or pregnancy. Bacterial vaginosis indications may include:

  • Vaginal discharge that is thin and grayish-white
  • Foul-smelling ‘fishy’ vaginal odor, particularly after sexual intercourse
  • Vaginal itching
  • Burning during urination

Having said that, many people with this ailment have no symptoms at all. When a vaginal discharge is associated with the following symptoms, it could be because of another disorder or infection such as yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis, menopause, STDs and many others.

  • abnormal vaginal odor
  • vaginal pain
  • abnormal vaginal fluid
  • vaginal burning
  • vaginal discharge that is bloody, cloudy, yellow, white or green

Bacterial Vaginosis Causes

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) develops when there’s a switch in the natural harmony of bacteria in the vagina.Your vagina should have bacteria known as Lactobacilli. These bacteria generate lactic acid which makes the vagina a little bit acidic, stopping other bacteria from developing there.

Women with Bacterial Vaginosis normally have a momentary shortage of lactobacilli which means that their vagina isn’t as acidic as it ought to be. This enables other kinds of bacteria to grow. It remains unclear what leads to this change in the equilibrium of bacteria, although your danger is elevated if you:

  • are sexually active, especially if you’ve a new sexual companion or multiple sexual companions
  • smoke
  • clean the vagina with water /other fluids (douching)
  • use vaginal deodorant
  • use powerful detergents to wash underwear
  • use an intrauterine device, a contraceptive gadget that fits in the womb
  • use scented soaps, bubble bath or antiseptic bath liquids on the vaginal area

Bacterial Vaginosis Diagnosis

See your doctor or pay a visit to a sexual health clinic right away if you have any abnormal discharge from the vagina. It’s essential to see a gynecologist so it can be established whether you have bacterial vaginosis or a similar condition, like gonorrhea or trichomoniasis. These too can cause irregular vaginal discharge. Examination Your gynecologist or doctor may diagnose bacterial vaginosis from a description of the symptoms and by looking at your vagina. Specifically, they will search for:

  • an unpleasant smell
  • a grayish discharge

In some instances, this may be sufficient to validate your diagnosis. However, you will need further assessments if you are sexually active and might have an STI (sexually transmitted infection) instead.

Bacterial Vaginosis Treatment

Bacterial vaginosis can be effectively treated using a brief course of antibiotic capsules or an antibiotic gel which you apply inside the vagina. Usually, you’ll be given antibiotic pills to take two times a day for 5 to 7 days. Even so, it is common for this condition to recur. Over half of people effectively treated with Bacterial vaginosis may find their symptoms recur, usually within 3 months. Those who have regular instances of Bacterial vaginosis may be advised to visit a genitourinary medical specialist.

  • Antibiotics