Alzheimers Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease is one of the most common forms of dementia that continues to worsen over time. Although the disease has no cure, different treatment plans are used to help treat the symptoms. Alzheimer’s is a brain disorder that causes loss of memory and other mental functions. The progressive disease targets the brain cells, killing them, which causes the loss of memory and other functions. As the disease progresses, the symptoms will increase in severity and interfere with everyday life. An individual suffering from Alzheimer’s disease may experience memory loss, disorientation, mood swings, behavioral issues, and more. Although the exact cause is not known, many believe a majority of the cases relate to genetics.

Alzheimer’s Disease Drugs

Alzheimer’s Disease Symptoms

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease may vary among individuals. The disease steadily worsens over time, first targeting short-term memory. As the disease progresses, the symptoms increase in severity. Many people with Alzheimer’s do not realize or notice the symptoms right away. However, the changes may be more evident to an individual’s family or friends.

  • Memory loss
  • Disorientation
  • Difficulty understanding surroundings
  • Trouble speaking, writing, walking
  • Mood, behavior, personality changes
  • Confusion about events, time, places
  • Poor judgement and decisions
  • Depression, anxiety
  • Trouble concentrating, thinking

Alzheimer’s Disease Causes

Causes for Alzheimer’s diseases are not fully understood, however there are a few factors that are believed to cause the disease. Although the cause is unknown, the effect that the disease has on individual’s brain is evident. Alzheimer’s targets the brain cells and kills or damages them, leading to brain shrinkage.

Genetics

  • Researchers believe that both risk genes and deterministic genes can contribute to the disease.

Age

  • As an individual ages, the risk for Alzheimer’s increases. Typically, the disease targets individuals over 65 years old. However, there are cases of early-onset Alzheimer’s disease.

Family History

  • If an individual has a family member that has or has had Alzheimer’s disease, the risk increases.

Alzheimer’s Disease Diagnosis

There is no test to diagnosis Alzheimer’s disease, however certain observations are used by a medical professional to determine the diagnosis. Typically, medical professionals will look at family history, medical history, and behavior of an individual. The documentation of mental functions, ruling out other medication conditions, and certain tests help to diagnosis Alzheimer’s disease.

  • Medical history
  • Family history
  • Physical and neurological exam
  • Blood Tests and other tests to rule out other medical conditions
  • Mental status tests
  • Brain imaging (MRI, CT Scan, PET Scan)
  • Neuropsychological testing

Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s Disease, however certain medications and treatments may help to relieve symptoms. Currently, there are medications and treatments targeted for different symptoms of the disease, such as, memory loss, behavioral changes, and sleep changes. Researchers are continuing to work on developing a medication or treatment to help prevent, cure, or slow the disease.